Although the most important feature that distinguishes humans from other living creatures is the ability to think, man needs his hands to make and use all the tools and equipment he designed with his power of thought. We have to use our hands, which are necessary to maintain our daily life independently, for almost every job. It is inevitable that such an organ that is used so much will be exposed to trauma and will age rapidly at later ages. In addition, it is inevitable that a lack of hands of a newborn baby will affect his whole life.
Throughout human history, injuries due to burns have always been and unfortunately will always be. With a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the burn, developing intensive care conditions, the availability of antibiotics and the increase in wound care opportunities, the chance of survival of burn patients has increased over the years. Parallel to this, the number of patients, requiring treatment of late sequela of burn have also increased.
Cleft lip and palate is the result of the developmental defect, causing the the failure of the fusion of the facial structures, occurring in 8-12 weeks of gestation.
Any injuries in which the integrity of the skin is impaired causes scar formation. In other words, , scar tissue formation is inevitable in every single case where the skin is injured in full thickness. The amount and quality of scar tissue, on the other hand, is determined by the wound care and treatment.
While the head length in an adult human is only one-eighth of the whole body, in a newborn baby this ratio is one-third. Despite this high rate, within the first year following birth, the brain volume almost triples its volume at birth. At the age of two, it reaches four times the birth volume. The volume of the brain reaches 50% of the adult brain volume in the first 6 months after birth and 85% up to the age of three. In the first three years when the brain grows so rapidly, if the skull bones fail to expand in parallel, the brain will be squeezed, resulting in the risk of mental retardation in advanced ages or even death of the infant.